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Continental mapping of forest ecosystem functions reveals a high but unrealised potential for forest multifunctionality

P. Fons van Der 1 S. Ratcliffe 2 P. Ruiz-Benito 3 Michael Scherer-Lorenzen 4 Kris Verheyen 5 C. Wirth 2 M.A. Zavala 6 E. Ampoorter 5 L. Baeten 5 Luc Barbaro 7 C.C. Bastias 8 Juergen Bauhus 4 R. Benavides 4 A. Benneter 4 Damien Bonal 9 Olivier Bouriaud 10 H. Bruelheide 11 F. Bussotti 12 M. Carnol 13 Bastien Castagneyrol 7 Yohan Charbonnier 7 J.H.C. Cornelissen 14 J. Dahlgren 15 E. Checko 16 A. Coppi 12 S.M. Dawud 17 Marc Deconchat P. de Smedt 5 H. de Wandeler 18 T. Domisch 19 L. Finér 19 M. Fotelli 20 Arthur Gessler 21 A. Granier 9 Charlotte Grossiord 22 V. Guyot 7 J. Haase 4 Stephan Hättenschwiler 23 Hervé Jactel 7 B. Jaroszewicz 16 F.X. Joly 23 T. Jucker 24 S. Kambach 25 Gerald Kaendler 26 J. Kattge 11 J. Koricheva 27 Georges Kunstler 28, 29 A. Lehtonen 19 M. Liebergesell 2 P. Manning 30 H. Milligan 27 S. Muller 4 Bart Muys 18 D. Nguyen 15 C. Nock 4 B. Ohse 2 Alain Paquette 31 J. Penuelas M. Pollastrini 12 K. Radoglou K. Raulund-Rasmussen 17 F. Roger R. Seidl 32 F. Selvi 12 J. Stenlid 15 Fernando Valladares 8 J. van Keer L. Vesterdal 17 M. Fischer 30 L. Gamfeldt E. Allan 30
Abstract : Humans require multiple services from ecosystems, but it is largely unknown whether trade-offs between ecosystem functions prevent the realisation of high ecosystem multifunctionality across spatial scales. Here, we combined a comprehensive dataset (28 ecosystem functions measured on 209 forest plots) with a forest inventory dataset (105,316 plots) to extrapolate and map relationships between various ecosystem multifunctionality measures across Europe. These multifunctionality measures reflected different management objectives, related to timber production, climate regulation and biodiversity conservation/recreation. We found that trade-offs among them were rare across Europe, at both local and continental scales. This suggests a high potential for 'win-win' forest management strategies, where overall multifunctionality is maximised. However, across sites, multifunctionality was on average 45.8-49.8% below maximum levels and not necessarily highest in protected areas. Therefore, using one of the most comprehensive assessments so far, our study suggests a high but largely unrealised potential for management to promote multifunctional forests.
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 16, 2020 - 12:51:55 PM
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P. Fons van Der, S. Ratcliffe, P. Ruiz-Benito, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Kris Verheyen, et al.. Continental mapping of forest ecosystem functions reveals a high but unrealised potential for forest multifunctionality. Ecology Letters, Wiley, 2018, 21 (1), pp.31-42. ⟨10.1111/ele.12868⟩. ⟨hal-02606618⟩

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