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Coviability as a scientific paradigm for an ecological transition, from an overview to a definition

Abstract : Before closing the book, it is necessary to clarify the main point, rather than offer an inaccessible summary. At this stage, it is important to identify the significance of this scientific paradigm of coviability, especially in an international context confronted with an ecological imperative. The book seeks to draw from the set of works an initial definition of the paradigm of coviability. This goal's point of departure is the plural definitions and disciplines, the heterogeneous works giving space for reflection. This new paradigm of socio-ecological coviability offers an ecological transition promoted at the global, national and local scales. An integrative paradigm is suggested to counter the dominant naturalistic paradigm. The goal of this paradigm is "living in harmony with nature," that is, creating harmony between humans and nonhumans. The challenge consists of breaking free from a reductive anthropocentrism in order to integrate an ontology open to a socio-ecological dimension, with the goal of reconnecting humanity to the biosphere. The diversity of the situations approached by the different research teams makes it possible to test a definition of socio-ecological coviability that may be: a property of interactive dependence between humans and nonhumans joined in a relationship that is contained by regulations and constraints. This relationship establishes a link of viability subjected to an integration threshold of the complex human/nonhuman system determining the limits of coviability's elasticity, whose realization remains the coevolution in an integrated socio-ecological system.
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Olivier Barrière, Thérèse Libourel Rouge, Maud Loireau, V. Ravena Cañete, C. Prost, et al.. Coviability as a scientific paradigm for an ecological transition, from an overview to a definition. Coviability of social and ecological systems: reconnecting mankind to the biosphere in an era of global change. Vol. 1: The foundations of a new paradigm, Springer, pp.693-728, 2019, 978-3-319-78496-0. ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-78497-7_27⟩. ⟨hal-02608415⟩



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