Characterization of Clostridioides difficile strains isolated from manure and digestate in five agricultural biogas plants - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Anaerobe Year : 2020

Characterization of Clostridioides difficile strains isolated from manure and digestate in five agricultural biogas plants

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Abstract

Clostridioides difficile strains were isolated from manure and digestate samples from five biogas plants in France. The objective of this study was to characterize these isolates using PCR ribotyping, wgMLST, a multiplex PCR targeting genes encoding for the main virulence factors, i.e. tcdA, tcdB, cdtA and cdtB, and antimicrobial susceptibility assays. The 54 strains characterized were all positive for tcdA and tcdB and 83% (45/54) were positive for the binary toxin genes. PCR ribotypes 126 (59%) and 078 (37%) were predominant, and wgMLST analysis of 18 isolates showed close proximity of strains within a single biogas plant. Samples from the biogas plant supplied with cattle and poultry manure displayed the largest variety in PCR ribotypes. The in vitro activities of nine antimicrobial agents were determined. All the strains were susceptible to vancomycin and metronidazole, which are currently considered first-line treatments for C. difficile infection in humans. All the strains were resistant to clindamycin. The results of this study show that a high percentage of C. difficile strains present in the French biogas plants investigated are toxigenic strains from PCR ribotypes also commonly found in humans. © 2020
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Dates and versions

hal-02610311 , version 1 (22-08-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - CC BY 4.0

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Caroline Le Marechal, Cécile Gateau, T. Poëzévara, J. Couturier, S. Rouxel, et al.. Characterization of Clostridioides difficile strains isolated from manure and digestate in five agricultural biogas plants. Anaerobe, 2020, 62, ⟨10.1016/j.anaerobe.2020.102180⟩. ⟨hal-02610311⟩
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