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Random transposon insertion in the Mycoplasma hominis minimal genome.

Abstract : Mycoplasma hominis is an opportunistic human pathogen associated with genital and neonatal infections. Until this study, the lack of a reliable transformation method for the genetic manipulation of M. hominis hindered the investigation of the pathogenicity and the peculiar arginine-based metabolism of this bacterium. A genomic analysis of 20 different M. hominis strains revealed a number of putative restriction-modification systems in this species. Despite the presence of these systems, a reproducible polyethylene glycol (PEG)-mediated transformation protocol was successfully developed in this study for three different strains: two clinical isolates and the M132 reference strain. Transformants were generated by transposon mutagenesis with an efficiency of approximately 10−9 transformants/cell/µg plasmid and were shown to carry single or multiple mini-transposons randomly inserted within their genomes. One M132-mutant was observed to carry a single-copy transposon inserted within the gene encoding P75, a protein potentially involved in adhesion. However, no difference in adhesion was observed in cell-assays between this mutant and the M132 parent strain. Whole genome sequencing of mutants carrying multiple copies of the transposon further revealed the occurrence of genomic rearrangements. Overall, this is the first time that genetically modified strains of M. hominis have been obtained by random mutagenesis using a mini-transposon conferring resistance to tetracycline.
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Fabien Rideau, Chloé Le Roy, Evelyne Sagné, Hélène Renaudin, Sabine Pereyre, et al.. Random transposon insertion in the Mycoplasma hominis minimal genome.. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 9, pp.13554. ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-49919-y⟩. ⟨hal-02618351⟩

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