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Glutathione-s-transferases in the olfactory organ of the noctuid moth spodoptera littoralis, diversity and conservation of chemosensory clades

Abstract : Glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs) are conjugating enzymes involved in the detoxification of a wide range of xenobiotic compounds. The expression of GSTs as well as their activities have been also highlighted in the olfactory organs of several species, including insects, where they could play a role in the signal termination and in odorant clearance. Using a transcriptomic approach, we identified 33 putative GSTs expressed in the antennae of the cotton leafworm Spodoptera littoralis. We established their expression patterns and revealed four olfactory-enriched genes in adults. In order to investigate the evolution of antennal GST repertoires in moths, we re-annotated antennal transcripts corresponding to GSTs in two moth and one coleopteran species. We performed a large phylogenetic analysis that revealed an unsuspected structural-and potentially functional-diversity of GSTs within the olfactory organ of insects. This led us to identify a conserved clade containingmost of the already identified antennal-specific and antennal-enriched GSTs from moths. In addition, for all the sequences from this clade, we were able to identify a signal peptide, which is an unusual structural feature for GSTs. Taken together, these data highlight the diversity and evolution of GSTs in the olfactory organ of a pest species and more generally in the olfactory system of moths, and also the conservation of putative extracellular members across multiple insect orders.
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Nicolas Durand, Marie-Anne Pottier, David Siaussat, Françoise Bozzolan, Martine Maïbèche, et al.. Glutathione-s-transferases in the olfactory organ of the noctuid moth spodoptera littoralis, diversity and conservation of chemosensory clades. Frontiers in Physiology, Frontiers, 2018, 9, pp.1-11. ⟨10.3389/fphys.2018.01283⟩. ⟨hal-02621342⟩

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