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Microbiota sensing by mincle-myk axis in dendritic cells regulates Interleukin-17 and-22 production and promotes intestinal barrier integrity

Abstract : Production of interleukin-17 (IL-17) and IL-22 by T helper 17 (Th17) cells and group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s) in response to the gut microbiota ensures maintenance of intestinal barrier function. Here, we examined the mechanisms whereby the immune system detects microbiota in the steady state. A Syk-kinase-coupled signaling pathway in dendritic cells (DCs) was critical for commensal-dependent production of IL-17 and IL-22 by CD4(+) T cells. The Syk-coupled C-type lectin receptor Mincle detected mucosal-resident commensals in the Peyer's patches (PPs), triggered IL-6 and IL-23p19 expression, and thereby regulated function of intestinal Th17- and IL-17-secreting ILCs. Mice deficient in Mincle or with selective depletion of Syk in CD11c(+) cells had impaired production of intestinal RegIII gamma and IgA and increased systemic translocation of gut microbiota. Consequently, Mincle deficiency led to liver inflammation and deregulated lipid metabolism. Thus, sensing of commensals by Mincle and Syk signaling in CD11c(+) cells reinforces intestinal immune barrier and promotes host-microbiota mutualism, preventing systemic inflammation.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02626234
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 4:48:01 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 5, 2021 - 3:59:11 AM

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Maria Martinez-Lopez, Salvador Iborra, Ruth Conde-Garrosa, Annalaura Mastrangelo, Camille Danne, et al.. Microbiota sensing by mincle-myk axis in dendritic cells regulates Interleukin-17 and-22 production and promotes intestinal barrier integrity. Immunity, Elsevier, 2019, 50 (2), pp.1-26. ⟨10.1016/j.immuni.2018.12.020⟩. ⟨hal-02626234⟩

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