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Lessons learnt from a porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) case in France in 2014: Descriptive epidemiology and control measures implemented

Abstract : An acute epidemic of porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) has affected the USA since 2013 and spread all around the world. In France, the immune status of the pig population against PED virus (PEDV) was expected to be low due to the absence of circulation of the virus since the 80's and a compulsory notification of PED was set up in 2014. Here, we reported the first case of a PED outbreak in December 2014 in the North of France after a long absence of the disease, the monitoring of the excretion and the control measure implementation. The isolated strain in France in December 2014 was a PEDV "S-InDel" strain which was close to the "S-InDel" German PEDV strain isolated in May 2014. The individual shedding duration of PEDV in feces was estimated around 20 days for pigs of different ages. Biosecurity measures implemented allowed the limitation of PEDV spread to fattening and farrowing rooms without dissemination to the nursery block. Using strict biosecurity measures, direct shipment of infected fatteners to the slaughterhouse, strict decontamination protocols with a quarantine of 6 weeks for replacement gilts without voluntary contamination helped PEDV fade out within the herd and avoided the spread to other herds. PEDV presence in manure was investigated as well as the inactivation treatment of the virus present in the liquid manure. An increase to a pH 12 of liquid manure by liming led to the absence of PEDV detection by RT-PCR after seven days.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02627090
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 7:04:08 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 7:35:55 AM

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Sarah Gallien, Christelle Fablet, Lionel Bigault, Cécilia Bernard, Olivier Toulouse, et al.. Lessons learnt from a porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) case in France in 2014: Descriptive epidemiology and control measures implemented. Veterinary Microbiology, Elsevier, 2018, 226, pp.9-14. ⟨10.1016/j.vetmic.2018.09.023⟩. ⟨hal-02627090⟩

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