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Complexité, risques incertains, précaution et débat public

Abstract : France has introduced the principe of public debates to enable the citizenry to be informed and proposals to be discussed before the State makes decisions. The analysis of complex situations, important for the nation's future (in terms of risks, economic development, technical progress, etc.), illustrates the difficulyies of setting up such debates. It also shows how difficult it is to demonstrate the absence of risk (that i, to prove harmlessness) and consequently, how little trut citizens have in their political representatives. These findings argue for a more profond exploration of the precautionay principle for complex situations and, from the public side, the renewal, discussed in this paper, of connections between decision-makers and society. In the light of these tructural and substantive changes it might become possible to rely more serenely on a well-informed public to decide its future.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 6:08:51 AM
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Barbara Redlingshofer, Ariane Métais, Jean-Claude Anrdé. Complexité, risques incertains, précaution et débat public. Environnement, Risques & Santé, 2014, 13 (3), pp.222-231. ⟨10.1684/ers.2014.0697⟩. ⟨hal-02630661⟩



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