Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Phylogeography of the Spanish Moon Moth Graellsia isabellae (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae)

Abstract : Background Geographic and demographic factors as well as specialisation to a new host-plant may lead to host-associated differentiation in plant-feeding insects. We explored the phylogeography of a protected moth, Graellsia isabellae, and its two recognised host-plant species (Pinus sylvestris and P. nigra) in order to seek for any concordance useful to disentangle the evolutionary history of this iconic lepidopteran. Results DNA variation in one mitochondrial marker and nine nuclear microsatellite loci revealed a strong phylogeographic pattern across 28 populations of G. isabellae studied in Spain and France comprising six groups mostly distributed along different mountain ranges. Reanalysis of a previously published chloroplast microsatellite dataset revealed a three and two-group structure for Spanish P. sylvestris and P. nigra, respectively. Overall, the population groupings of this protected moth did not match the ones of P. sylvestris and P. nigra. Conclusions There was no evidence of host-associated differentiation between populations using P. sylvestris and the ones inhabiting P. nigra. The two major mitochondrial clades of G. isabellae likely diverged before the Last Glacial Maximum and geographically separated the species into a “southern” (Central and Southern Iberian clusters) and a “northern” lineage (Eastern Iberian, Pyrenean and French Alpine clusters). The Eastern Iberian System, where this insect uses both host-plants, harboured the highest level of genetic diversity. Such a group independently colonised the West and East parts of the Pyrenees. Our results point to a native origin for the French populations occurring in the Alps, genetically related to the Eastern Iberian and Pyrenean sites. The Central Iberian group derived from Southern Iberian ancestors. Secondary contacts were inferred between the Southern/Central Iberian populations and Eastern Iberian cluster as well as between the two Pyrenean ones. The mito-nuclear discordance observed with regard to the Eastern Iberian cluster is congruent with a secondary contact after the evolution of mito-nuclear incompatibilities in geographically isolated areas.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [102 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02632543
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 10:59:12 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 16, 2021 - 4:52:09 PM

File

2016_neus_bmc_evolutionary_bio...
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Neus Mari-Mena, Carlos Lopez-Vaamonde, Horacio Naveira, Marie-Anne Auger-Rozenberg, Marta Vila. Phylogeography of the Spanish Moon Moth Graellsia isabellae (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae). BMC Evolutionary Biology, BioMed Central, 2016, 16 (139), 20 p. ⟨10.1186/s12862-016-0708-y⟩. ⟨hal-02632543⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

78

Files downloads

94