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A proposed framework for an appropriate evaluation scheme for microorganisms as novel foods with a health claim in Europe

Abstract : This paper concerns the procedure and the scientific approach to obtain market authorization for a microorganism to be recognized as a novel food with a health claim. Microorganisms that have not been traditionally used during food production in Europe prior to 1997 are considered as novel foods, which should undergo an in-depth characterization and safety assessment before being authorized on the European market. If a novel food bacterium is claimed to provide a beneficial effect on health, these claims must also be investigated before they can be authorized. Some requirements to obtain novel food certification are shared with those required to obtain a health claim. Although regulation exists that deals with these issues for foods in general, bacteria in food raise a specific set of questions that are only minimally addressed in official documentation. We propose a framework and suggest a list of criteria that should be assessed to obtain marketing authorization and health claim for a bacterium in accordance with European health policy.
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Sylvie Miquel, Martin Beaumont, Rebeca Martín, Philippe Langella, Véronique Braesco, et al.. A proposed framework for an appropriate evaluation scheme for microorganisms as novel foods with a health claim in Europe. Microbial Cell Factories, BioMed Central, 2015, 14, ⟨10.1186/s12934-015-0229-1⟩. ⟨hal-02633704⟩

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