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Effects of compaction by heavy machine traffic on soil fluxes of methane and carbon dioxide in a temperate broadleaved forest

Abstract : Soil compaction decreases soil aeration and water infiltration, lowering air-filled porosity, which may impact biological processes involved in soil fluxes of carbon dioxide (F-co2) and methane (F-cH4), and decrease the greenhouse gas emissions mitigation potential offered by the forestry sector. We recorded F-co2 and F-cH4 continuously for two years using automated chambers connected to a laser-based gas analyser in an experimental forest site on an acidic ruptic Luvisol that was established to assess the long-term impact of a loaded forwarder. Heavy machine traffic had considerably increased soil surface roughness. Air-filled porosity (AFP) in the first 0.1 m was lower in the trafficked plot especially in hollows than in the control almost all year long. The temperature sensitivity of F-co2 was higher for the control plot than for both mounds and hollows in the trafficked plot. Cumulative F-co2 was much higher in the control than in hollows and mounds of the trafficked plot. In contrast, annual F-cH4 did not significantly differ between the control plot and either the mounds or the hollows in the trafficked plot, but was significantly higher in mounds than in hollows. F-cH4 was negative all year round indicating a net uptake of CH4, except during winter when a net emission of CH4 was occasionally observed in the hollows on the trafficked plot. While seasonal variations of F-cH4 were well related to variations in AFP, the potential rate of methane uptake at optimal air-filled porosity was higher in the trafficked plot than in the control.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02634167
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 2:35:29 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 14, 2021 - 6:10:01 PM

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Daniel Epron, C. Plain, Fatou-Kiné Ndiaye, Pascal Bonnaud, Catherine Pasquier, et al.. Effects of compaction by heavy machine traffic on soil fluxes of methane and carbon dioxide in a temperate broadleaved forest. Forest Ecology and Management, Elsevier, 2016, 382, pp.1 - 9. ⟨10.1016/j.foreco.2016.09.037⟩. ⟨hal-02634167⟩

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