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Differential protein phosphorylation regulates chloroplast movement in response to strong light and darkness in Arabidopsis thaliana

Abstract : Phototropin-dependent chloroplast movement is essential to the photosynthetic acclimation of mesophyll cells to incident light. Chloroplast movement involves many cellular actors, such as chloroplast-associated actin filaments and proteins that mediate signalling between phototropins and chloroplast motion. In the past few years, genetic approaches have identified several key proteins but the intrinsic mechanisms of the signalling cascade, such as phosphorylation events, remain undefined. Here, we took advantage of phosphoproteomics to examine the involvement of protein phosphorylation in chloroplast movement in darkness or under high light, at different CO2 mole fractions (100, 380 or 1,000 ppm) to vary photosynthetic activity. Amongst the 100 relevant identified phosphopeptides, 19 (corresponding to 8 proteins) were differentially phosphorylated in darkness vs. high light. There was no significant CO2 effect on the observed phosphorylation patterns. We further characterized the phosphorylation sites in THRUMIN1, which is believed to be crucial for the attachment of chloroplast-associated actin filaments to the plasma membrane and thus for chloroplast movements. The mutant thrumin1 was complemented with a mutated protein in which phospho-sites were substituted to a phosphomimetic (Asp) or a non-phosphorylatable (Ala) residue. While the phosphomimetic substitution altered the chloroplast response in the light only, both light and dark responses were altered with the non-phosphorylatable substitution. Our data suggest a key role of protein phosphorylation, including that of THRUMIN1, in the light/dark control of chloroplast movements.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02639474
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 12:10:13 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 17, 2021 - 3:46:20 AM

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Edouard Boex-Fontvieille, Mathieu Jossier, Marlène Davanture, Michel Zivy, Michael Hodges, et al.. Differential protein phosphorylation regulates chloroplast movement in response to strong light and darkness in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, Springer Verlag, 2014, 32 (5), pp.987-1001. ⟨10.1007/s11105-014-0707-3⟩. ⟨hal-02639474⟩

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