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Auxin depletion from the leaf axil conditions competence for axillary meristem formation in Arabidopsis and tomato

Abstract : The enormous variation in architecture of flowering plants is based to a large extent on their ability to form new axes of growth throughout their life span. Secondary growth is initiated from groups of pluripotent cells, called meristems, which are established in the axils of leaves. Such meristems form lateral organs and develop into a side shoot or a flower, depending on the developmental status of the plant and environmental conditions. The phytohormone auxin is well known to play an important role in inhibiting the outgrowth of axillary buds, a phenomenon known as apical dominance. However, the role of auxin in the process of axillary meristem formation is largely unknown. In this study, we show in the model species Arabidopsis thaliana and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) that auxin is depleted from leaf axils during vegetative development. Disruption of polar auxin transport compromises auxin depletion from the leaf axil and axillary meristem initiation. Ectopic auxin biosynthesis in leaf axils interferes with axillary meristem formation, whereas repression of auxin signaling in polar auxin transport mutants can largely rescue their branching defects. These results strongly suggest that depletion of auxin from leaf axils is a prerequisite for axillary meristem formation during vegetative development.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 1:51:59 PM
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Quan Wang, Wouter Kohlen, Susanne Rossmann, Teva Vernoux, Klaus Theres. Auxin depletion from the leaf axil conditions competence for axillary meristem formation in Arabidopsis and tomato. The Plant cell, American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB), 2014, 26 (5), pp.2068-2079. ⟨10.1105/tpc.114.123059⟩. ⟨hal-02640130⟩

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