Characterization of simultaneous heat and mass transfer phenomena for water vapour condensation on a solid surface in an abiotic environment-application to bioprocesses - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Year : 2012

Characterization of simultaneous heat and mass transfer phenomena for water vapour condensation on a solid surface in an abiotic environment-application to bioprocesses

Abstract

The phenomenon of heat and mass transfer by condensation of water vapour from humid air involves several key concepts in aerobic bioreactors. The high performance of bioreactors results from optimised interactions between biological processes and multiphase heat and mass transfer. Indeed in various processes such as submerged fermenters and solid-state fermenters, gas/liquid transfer need to be well controlled, as it is involved at the microorganism interface and for the control of the global process. For the theoretical prediction of such phenomena, mathematical models require heat and mass transfer coefficients. To date, very few data have been validated concerning mass transfer coefficients from humid air inflows relevant to those bioprocesses. Our study focussed on the condensation process of water vapour and developed an experimental set-up and protocol to study the velocity profiles and the mass flux on a small size horizontal flat plate in controlled environmental conditions. A closed circuit wind tunnel facility was used to control the temperature, hygrometry and hydrodynamics of the flow. The temperature of the active surface was controlled and kept isothermal below the dew point to induce condensation, by the use of thermoelectricity. The experiments were performed at ambient temperature for a relative humidity between 35-65% and for a velocity of 1.0 ms(-1). The obtained data are analysed and compared to available theoretical calculations on condensation mass flux.

Keywords

Dates and versions

hal-02642351 , version 1 (28-05-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

Akhilesh Tiwari, Alain Kondjoyan, Jean-Pierre Fontaine. Characterization of simultaneous heat and mass transfer phenomena for water vapour condensation on a solid surface in an abiotic environment-application to bioprocesses. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 2012, 167 (5), pp.1132-1143. ⟨10.1007/s12010-012-9607-x⟩. ⟨hal-02642351⟩
6 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More