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Diversity of leaf unfolding dynamics among tree species: New insights from a study along an altitudinal gradient

Abstract : Leaf unfolding is a key ecosystem parameter controlling carbon and water fluxes and affecting forest dynamics. This parameter is highly sensitive to temperature and, consequently, often used as an indicator of global change. In this paper, we analyzed weekly leaf unfolding dynamics for seven temperate species (Fagus sylvatica L., Acer opalus Mill., Sorbus aria L., Quercus pubescens Willd. Abies alba Mill., Pinus sylvestris L., Pinus nigra Arnold). The effects of temperature on leaf unfolding were studied in situ using several methods and proxies. First, in a spatial approach, leaf unfolding dates were measured along two altitudinal gradients situated on the north and south face of the Mont Ventoux to test altitudinal and slope effects. Second, in a temporal approach, the year effect was analyzed on the north face by comparing two contrasted years (2006 and 2007). Finally, the role of temperature was investigated directly by linking leaf unfolding patterns and temperatures recorded during the leaf unfolding process itself. Two major conclusions were obtained. First, three distinct leaf unfolding patterns were revealed: a rapid sigmoid pattern for the deciduous species group, a slow kinetic pattern for the pines and an intermediate pattern for A. alba. Second, we found an unexpected pattern of variation in the response to spatial or temporal variation of temperature. The more sensitive a species was to temperature variations between years, the less sensitive it was to temperature variations due to altitude. Finally, we discuss that these results can be correlated to two major life history traits: evergreen vs. deciduous and shade tolerant vs. shade intolerant
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02643540
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : jeudi 28 mai 2020 - 20:14:00
Dernière modification le : mercredi 16 décembre 2020 - 14:22:03

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Hendrik Davi, Marion Gillmann, Thomas Ibanez, Maxime Cailleret, Aurore Bontemps, et al.. Diversity of leaf unfolding dynamics among tree species: New insights from a study along an altitudinal gradient. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Elsevier Masson, 2011, 151 (12), pp.1504-1513. ⟨10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.06.008⟩. ⟨hal-02643540⟩

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