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Multielementary (Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni) stable isotopic exchange kinetic (SIEK) method to characterize polymetallic contaminations

Abstract : A new method is proposed to precisely and simultaneously quantify the exchangeable pool of metals in soils and to describe its reactivity at short- and long-term. It is based on multielementary Stable Isotopic Exchange Kinetics (multi-SIEK), first validated by a comparison between two monoelementary radioactive (109Cd*, 65Zn*) IEK experiments, a mono- (106Cd) and multi- (62Ni, 65Cu, 67Zn, 106Cd, 204Pb) SIEK. These experiments were performed on a polluted soil located near the Zn smelter plant of Viviez (Lot watershed, France). The IEK results obtained for Cd and Zn were consistent across the experiments. 109Cd*, 65Zn* IEK, and multi-SIEK were then applied on 3 non- and moderate impacted soils that also provided consistent results for Cd and Zn. Within these experimental conditions, it can be concluded that no competition occurs between Cd, Zn, and the other metals during SIEK. Multi-SIEK results indicate that the isotopically exchangeable pool of Ni, Zn, and Cu are small (ENi, EZn, and ECu values up to 17%) whatever the pollution degree of the soils considered in this study and whatever the duration of the interaction. On the contrary, Cd displays the highest E values (from 35% to 61% after 1 week), and EPb displays a maximum value of 26% after 1 week. The multi-SIEK provides useful information on metal sources and reactivity relationship. Ni would be located in stable pedogenic phases according to its very low enrichment factor. The low EZn and ECu are consistent with location of Zn and Cu in stable phases coming from tailings erosion. Though Pb enrichments in soils may also be attributed to tailings particles, its larger exchangeable pool suggests that the Pb-bearing phases are more labile than those containing Zn and Cu. The high mobility of Cd in upstream soils indicates that it has been mostly emitted as reactive atmospheric particles during high temperature ore-treatment.
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Yann Sivry, Jean Riotte, Valerie V. Sappin-Didier, Marguerite Munoz, Paul-Olivier Redon, et al.. Multielementary (Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni) stable isotopic exchange kinetic (SIEK) method to characterize polymetallic contaminations. Environmental Science and Technology, 2011, 45 (15), pp.6247-6253. ⟨10.1021/es2006644⟩. ⟨hal-02645417⟩



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