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First Evidence of the Existence of Semi-Cryptic Species and of a Phylogeographic Structure in the Gomphonema parvulum (Kutzing) Kutzing Complex (Bacillariophyta)

Abstract : The Gomphonema parvulum complex includes species displaying considerable morphological variability and a wide geographical distribution. These characteristics make them difficult to identify by microscopy and raise the question of their taxonomic validity and of the possibility of biogeographical differentiation between them. In this context, we isolated 39 G. parvulum s.l. strains from rivers located in a tropical island (Mayotte) and in mainland Europe. By sequencing three DNA fragments (ITS, rbcL and cox1), four clades (A, B, C and D) were clearly identified, and an additional one (B') was distinguishable only on the rbcL sequence. The main four clades can be separated by their morphological criteria, in particular by the shape of the central area, but some overlaps were found between them. We therefore consider that the G. parvulum complex contains at least four semi-cryptic species corresponding to the four main clades. One of them (A) was found only on Mayotte, while two others (C and D) were found only in Europe. The last clade (B) contained strains from both Europe and Mayotte. Pyrosequencing data confirmed the geographical differences in the distribution of these species, suggesting that the G. parvulum complex displays biogeographic structure. (c) 2013 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 1:49:46 AM
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Lenaïg Kermarrec, Agnes Bouchez, Frédéric Rimet, Jean Francois Humbert. First Evidence of the Existence of Semi-Cryptic Species and of a Phylogeographic Structure in the Gomphonema parvulum (Kutzing) Kutzing Complex (Bacillariophyta). Protist, Elsevier, 2013, 164 (5), pp.686 - 705. ⟨10.1016/j.protis.2013.07.005⟩. ⟨hal-02645491⟩

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