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Homogeneity and synchronous dynamics of microbial communities in particulate biofilms: from major populations to minor groups

Abstract : Natural or engineered microbial populations often show variations over time. These variations may be due to environmental fluctuations or intrinsic factors. Thus, studying the dynamics of microbial diversity for different communities living in a spatially homogeneous landscape is of interest. As a model ecosystem, nitrifying biofilm communities were grown in a two litre inverse turbulent bed reactor (ITBR) containing an estimated 200 million small particles (about 150 mu m in diameter). Each particulate biofilm is considered as a distinct community growing in the neighborhood of other similar particles, in a homogeneous and well-controlled environmental context. A molecular approach was adopted to test how microbial community structures might evolve: either in synchrony, converging or diverging. The shape of biofilm was observed by microscopy for each particle. The biomass content was evaluated by quantitative PCR and showed similar values for each particle. The microbial community structure was evaluated by Capillary Electrophoresis-Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism (CE-SSCP) fingerprinting and showed extraordinary homogeneity between particles, even though transitory community structures were observed when reactor operating conditions were modified. This homogeneity was observed for the Bacteria primer set but, more interestingly, was also observed when minor non-nitrifying bacteria making up the biofilm, representing about 5% and 10% of total cells, were targeted.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02645638
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : vendredi 29 mai 2020 - 02:16:41
Dernière modification le : vendredi 27 novembre 2020 - 15:54:02

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Gaelle Gévaudan, Jérôme Hamelin, Patrick Dabert, Jean-Jacques Godon, Nicolas Bernet. Homogeneity and synchronous dynamics of microbial communities in particulate biofilms: from major populations to minor groups. Microbes and environments / JSME, Nakanishi Printing Co, 2012, 27 (2), pp.142-148. ⟨10.1264/jsme2.ME11264⟩. ⟨hal-02645638⟩

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