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Genetics and genomics of flower initiation and development in roses

Abstract : Roses hold high symbolic value and great cultural importance in different societies throughout human history. They are widely used as garden ornamental plants, as cut flowers, and for the production of essential oils for the perfume and cosmetic industries. Domestication of roses has a long and complex history, and the rose species have been hybridized across vast geographic areas such as Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. The domestication processes selected several flower characters affecting floral quality, such as recurrent flowering, double flowers, petal colours, and fragrance. The molecular and genetic events that determine some of these flower characters cannot be studied using model species such as Arabidopsis thaliana, or at least only in a limited manner. In this review, we comment on the recent development of genetic, genomic, and transcriptomic tools for roses, and then focus on recent advances that have helped unravel the molecular mechanisms underlying several rose floral traits.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 6:48:49 AM
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Mohammed Bendahmane, Annick Dubois-Maheo, Olivier Raymond, Manuel Le Bris. Genetics and genomics of flower initiation and development in roses. Journal of Experimental Botany, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2013, 64 (4), pp.847 - 857. ⟨10.1093/jxb/ers387⟩. ⟨hal-02647288⟩



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