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Relative contribution of seed phosphorus reserves and exogenous phosphorus uptake to maize (Zea mays L.) nutrition during early growth stages

Abstract : Adequate phosphorus (P) nutrition during early stages is critical for maize growth. Our objective was to evaluate the relative contribution of seed P reserves and exogenous P to maize nutrition during early growth stages. Seedlings were grown with labeled nutrient solution (32P). Seedlings were harvested periodically over the course of the three-week study. Initially, 87% and 77% of the total C and N in seeds were located in the endosperm, whereas 86% of seed P was located in the scutellum as phytate. Up to the 7th day after sowing, 96% of phytate was hydrolyzed. Hydrolyzed forms of P were temporarily stored in the seed before being translocated to growing organs, suggesting that the hydrolysis of phytate was not a limiting step for P supply to seedlings. Significant P uptake by roots was observed from the 5th day after sowing on. Both sources of P supplied roots and leaves, with a slightly higher proportion of P from seed reserves going to leaves rather than to roots. Of total seed P, 60% and 92% was exported towards newly growing seedlings till 7th and 17th days after sowing and ceased to be a significant source of P for growth thereafter. We conclude that although both P supply processes overlap in time, seed P was the main P source during early growth stages.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 7:09:28 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 10, 2021 - 4:28:03 PM

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Muhammad Nadeem, Alain Mollier, Christian Morel, Alain Vives, Loïc Prud'Homme, et al.. Relative contribution of seed phosphorus reserves and exogenous phosphorus uptake to maize (Zea mays L.) nutrition during early growth stages. Plant and Soil, Springer Verlag, 2011, 346 (1-2), pp.231-244. ⟨10.1007/s11104-011-0814-y⟩. ⟨hal-02647451⟩

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