Evaluation of the phytotoxicity of polycontaminated industrial effluentsusing the lettuce plant (Lactuca sativa) as a bioindicator - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Year : 2011

Evaluation of the phytotoxicity of polycontaminated industrial effluentsusing the lettuce plant (Lactuca sativa) as a bioindicator

Abstract

Industrial wastewater containing heavy metals is generally decontaminated by physicochemical treatment consisting in insolublizing the contaminants and separating the two phases, water and sludge, by a physical process (filtration, settling or flotation). However, chemical precipitation does not usually remove the whole pollution load and the effluent discharged into the environment can be toxic even if it comes up to regulatory standards. To assess the impact of industrial effluent from 4 different surface treatment companies, we performed standardized bioassays using seeds of the lettuce Lactuca sativa. We measured the rate of germination, and the length and mass of the lettuce plantlet. The results were used to compare the overall toxicity of the different effluents: effluents containing copper and nickel had a much higher impact than those containing zinc or aluminum. In addition, germination tests conducted using synthetic solutions confirmed that mixtures of metals have higher toxicity than the sum of their separate constituents. These biological tests are cheap, easy to implement, reproducible and highlight the effects caused by effluent treated with the methods commonly applied in industry today. They could be routinely used to check the impact of industrial discharges, even when they meet regulatory requirements for the individual metals. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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hal-02648528 , version 1 (29-05-2020)

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Jérémie Charles, Bertrand Sancey, Nadia Morin-Crini, Pierre-Marie Badot, François Degiorgi, et al.. Evaluation of the phytotoxicity of polycontaminated industrial effluentsusing the lettuce plant (Lactuca sativa) as a bioindicator. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2011, 74 (7), pp.2057 - 2064. ⟨10.1016/j.ecoenv.2011.07.025⟩. ⟨hal-02648528⟩

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