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Atmospheric phenanthrene pollution modulates carbon allocation in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.)

Abstract : The influence of atmospheric phenanthrene (PHE) exposure (160 mgm 3) during one month on carbon allocation in clover was investigated by integrative (plant growth analysis) and instantaneous 13CO2 pulse-labelling approaches. PHE exposure diminished plant growth parameters (relative growth rate and net assimilation rate) and disturbed photosynthesis (carbon assimilation rate and chlorophyll content), leading to a 25% decrease in clover biomass. The root-shoot ratio was significantly enhanced (from 0.32 to 0.44). Photosynthates were identically allocated to leaves while less allocated to stems and roots. PHE exposure had a significant overall effect on the 13C partitioning among clover organs as more carbon was retained in leaves at the expense of roots and stems. The findings indicate that PHE decreases root exudation or transfer to symbionts and in leaves, retains carbon in a non-structural form diverting photosynthates away from growth and respiration (emergence of an additional C loss process).
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02649829
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 12:31:32 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 13, 2022 - 11:58:08 AM

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Dorine Desalme, Philippe Binet, Daniel D. Epron, Nadine Bernard, Daniel Gilbert, et al.. Atmospheric phenanthrene pollution modulates carbon allocation in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). Environmental Pollution, 2011, 159 (10), pp.2759-2765. ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2011.05.015⟩. ⟨hal-02649829⟩

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