Infertility resulting from transgenic I-PpoI maleAnopheles gambiaein large cage trials - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Pathogens and Global Health Year : 2012

Infertility resulting from transgenic I-PpoI maleAnopheles gambiaein large cage trials

Abstract

Objectives: Anopheles gambiae is the primary vector of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa and is a potential target of genetic control programs. We determined the capacity of male A. gambiae created by germline transformation to introduce infertility into stable age-distribution populations. We also determined effects of the transgenes on life history. Methods: Stable age-distribution populations of A. gambiae mosquitoes were established in large indoor cages. Male mosquitoes carrying an I-PpoI homing endonuclease gene were introduced at 65 and 610 release rates where they competed with target male mosquitoes for matings. Similar trials were conducted in small cages with an additional x 1 release level. Results: Infertility was successfully introduced into all target populations. In supporting experiments, complete female infertility was observed in all strains and species of the A. gambiae complex to which transgenic males were mated. Life history experiments demonstrated that reductions in I-PpoI male vigor exist in the form of reduced adult male emergence, longevity and competitiveness. Discussion: A. gambiae I-PpoI males are capable of introducing high levels of infertility in target populations in indoor cage trials. This was accomplished despite losses of vigor resulting from the HEG transgene. These results motivate further trials of sexually I-PpoI A. gambiae in outdoor cage and field trials.

Dates and versions

hal-02651758 , version 1 (29-05-2020)

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T A Klein, N Windbichler, Anne Deredec, A Burt, M Q Benedict. Infertility resulting from transgenic I-PpoI maleAnopheles gambiaein large cage trials. Pathogens and Global Health, 2012, 106 (1), pp.20-31. ⟨10.1179/2047773212Y.0000000003⟩. ⟨hal-02651758⟩
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