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Investigation to evaluate diversity of creole pigs in guadeloupe

Abstract : The objective of this study was to assess the different behaviours, goals and wishes of Creole pigs’ farmers/owners in Guadeloupe, in order to conserve the local breed. Investigations were made with Creole pigs farmers. The 34 interviews were well distributed in Guadeloupe territory and they represent around 10% Creole pig’s population. After multivariate analyses, three main classes of Creole pigs' farmers were established: the first one included old farms (more than 15 years), with small unit of Creole pigs (less than 10 heads); they have kept a traditional farming system, without many investigations on the farm. The second class included recent and middle size farms, which were composed by crossed pigs, where there were quite different ways to drive the animals. The last one includes recent and from middle to high size farms, with the same percentage of crossed pigs and CR pigs, where management of reproduction, farms buildings and faeces treatments exist. The conservation strategy is becoming essential because of the growing phenomenon of crossing between breeds. Some conservation strategies, as cryoconservation and building of an economical niche based on the Creole pig’s meat quality, have to be developed in Guadeloupe.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02655003
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Submitted on : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 9:57:48 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 5:16:52 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02655003, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 48954

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Jean-Luc Gourdine, A. Lebrum, Félix Silou. Investigation to evaluate diversity of creole pigs in guadeloupe. Revista Computadorizada de Produccion Porcina, 2010, 17 (2), pp.129-132. ⟨hal-02655003⟩

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