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Patterns and dynamics of land-cover changes since the 1960s over three experimental areas in Mali

Abstract : This paper addresses a critical need to provide a better quantitative Understanding of how the Sudano-Sahelian environments actually been changing under the combined impacts of climate variability and the increasing pressure of human activity Using Corona. Landsat and SPOT satellite Images of three areas (90-250 km(2)) along the climatic gradient of a large catchment in Mali, significant land-cover changes since the 1960s were identified through visual interpretation of images following a common classification scheme The pattern and trajectory of changes differed markedly between the three areas studied Over all, the 40-year trends indicate (I) in the Sahelian area, a steady increase in croplands and erosional surfaces with sparse vegetation and a corresponding drastic reduction In Woody Covers, (11) in the Sudano-Sahelian area. a large increase in croplands and a moderate reduction in woody covers, (III) III file Sudanian area. agricultural extension, deforestation, but also reforestation and land rehabilitation, Clue to alternating periods of exploitation and recolonization by natural vegetation These patterns and dynamic scan be partially explained by the differences in demographic pressure between the three areas They also highlight differences in response to anthropogenic and climate forcings depending oil the areas' respective climatic and environmental endowments. This study is a first step towards an in-depth analysis of the various forces and processes driving these changes and the formulation of prospective environmental scenarios for the catchment in line with hydrological Studies.
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 30, 2020 - 11:04:30 AM
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D. Ruelland, Florent Levavasseur, Antoine Tribotté. Patterns and dynamics of land-cover changes since the 1960s over three experimental areas in Mali. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, Elsevier, 2010, 12 (1), pp.S11-S17. ⟨10.1016/j.jag.2009.10.006⟩. ⟨hal-02657778⟩

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