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The initial single yeast cell adhesion on glass via optical trapping and Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek predictions

Abstract : We used an optical tweezer to investigate the adhesion of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae onto a glass substrate at the initial contact. Micromanipulation of free-living objects with single-beam gradient optical trap enabled to highlight mechanisms involved in this initial contact. As a function of the ionic strength and with a displacement parallel to the glass surface, the yeast adheres following different successive ways: (i) Slipping and rolling at 1.5 mM NaCl, (ii) slipping, rolling, and sticking at 15 mM NaCl, and (iii) only sticking at 150 mM. These observations were numerous and reproducible. A kinetic evolution of these adhesion phenomena during yeast movement was clearly established. The nature, range, and relative intensity of forces involved in these different adhesion mechanisms have been worked out as a quantitative analysis from Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) and extended DLVO theories. Calculations show that the adhesion mechanisms observed and their affinity with ionic strength were mainly governed by the Lifshitz-van der Waals interaction forces and the electrical double-layer repulsion to which are added specific contact forces linked to "sticky" glycoprotein secretion, considered to be the main forces capable of overcoming the short-range Lewis acid-base repulsions.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02658357
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Saturday, May 30, 2020 - 12:05:12 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 2, 2020 - 6:08:04 PM

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Mickaël Castelain, F. Pignon, J. M. Piau, A. Magnin. The initial single yeast cell adhesion on glass via optical trapping and Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek predictions. Journal of Chemical Physics, American Institute of Physics, 2008, 128 (13), pp.135101. ⟨10.1063/1.2842078⟩. ⟨hal-02658357⟩

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