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Modulation of primary and secondary infections in epidemics of carrot cavity spot through agronomic management practices

Abstract : The relative importance of primary and secondary infections (auto- and alloinfections) in the development of a carrot cavity spot (CCS) epidemic caused by Pythium spp. were investigated. Three cropping factors: fungicide application, soil moisture and planting density, were selected as the key variables affecting the disease tetrahedron. Their effects on: (i) disease measurements at a specific time, (ii) the areas under the disease progress curves (AUDPCs) and (iii) a time-dependent parameter in a pathometric incidence-severity relationship, were studied. Mefenoxam applications 5 and 9 weeks after sowing reduced the intensity of a field CCS epidemic that involved both primary and secondary infections. In microcosm experiments, mefenoxam reduced secondary infections by Pythium violae obtained by transplanting infected carrot roots and slowed disease progress (1.6 lesions per root in treated versus 5.8 lesions in non-treated microcosms). A deficit of soil moisture limited the movement of Pythium propagules to host tissue, and thus reduced primary infections in the field; it also promoted the healing of lesions, limiting lesion expansion and the potential for alloinfections (6.8-7.5 lesions per root in irrigated plots compared with 2.4 lesions in non-irrigated plots). A negative relationship between the mean root-to-root distance and the rate of alloinfections was established in microcosms; a reduction in mean planting density was also effective in limiting CCS development (0.5, 1.6 and 2.0 lesions per root in microcosms containing 8, 16 and 31 roots, respectively). An integrated disease management system based on a combination of cultural methods, such as optimized fungicide application, date of harvest versus soil moisture content, and host density versus planting pattern, may make a useful contribute to the control of CCS
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 30, 2020 - 12:05:27 PM
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Frédéric Suffert, D. Delalande, Maryvonne Prunier, Didier Andrivon. Modulation of primary and secondary infections in epidemics of carrot cavity spot through agronomic management practices. Plant Pathology, Wiley, 2008, 57 (1), pp.109-121. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-3059.2007.01708.x⟩. ⟨hal-02658359⟩



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