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Oxysterols induced inflammation and oxidation in primary porcine retinal pigment epithelial cells

Abstract : Purpose: Aging is associated with an accumulation of cholesterol esters in the Bruch membrane. Cholesterol esters are prone to undergo oxidation and generate oxysterols that have cytotoxic and proinflammatory properties. We investigated the effects of three oxysterols on mitochondrial dysfunctions, inflammation, and oxidative stress in primary cultures of porcine retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Methods: RPE cells were incubated with oxysterols (50 M of 24-hydroxycholesterol, 25-hydroxycholesterol, or 7-ketocholesterol) for 24 hr and 48 hr. Oxysterol content was determined in cells and in corresponding media by gas chromatography. Mitochondrial activity was measured by mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity. The intracellular formation of reactive oxygen species in RPE cells was detected by using the fluorescent probe DCFH-DA. IL-8 was assayed in the supernatants by ELISA, and the corresponding cellular transcripts were semiquantified by RT-PCR. Results: Analyses of the oxysterols content in the RPE cells and corresponding media suggested a high rate of cellular uptake, although some differences were observed between 7-ketocholesterol on the one hand and 24-hydroxycholesterol and 25-hydroxycholesterol on the other hand. All oxysterols induced slight mitochondrial dysfunctions but a significant 2- to 4-fold increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production compared with the control. They also enhanced IL-8 gene expression and IL-8 protein secretion in the following decreasing order: 25-hydroxycholesterol > 24-hydroxycholesterol > 7-ketocholesterol. Conclusions: We conclude that in confluent primary porcine RPE cells, 24-hydroxycholesterol, 25-hydroxycholesterol, and 7-ketocholesterol are potent inducers of oxidation and inflammation
Keywords : OXIDATIVE STRESS RPE
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02659823
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 30, 2020 - 7:19:20 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 2:50:03 PM

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Corinne Joffre, Laurent Leclere, Bénédicte Buteau, Lucy Martine, Stéphanie Cabaret, et al.. Oxysterols induced inflammation and oxidation in primary porcine retinal pigment epithelial cells. Current Eye Research, Taylor & Francis, 2007, 32 (3), pp.271-280. ⟨10.1080/02713680601187951⟩. ⟨hal-02659823⟩

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