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Comparison of different vehicles to study the effect of tocopherols on gene expression in intestinal cells

Abstract : Recent studies have focused on the ability of tocopherols to regulate gene expression. For such experiments, the methodology used to deliver molecules to the cells is crucial and could lead to different results depending on the vehicle used. The objective of the present study was to compare commonly used tocopherol vehicles (ethanol, BSA and mixed micelles) in terms of toxicity, stabilization of tocopherols, uptake efficiency of tocopherols by cells and effect on gene expression. Lactate dehydrogenase measurements did not reveal cytotoxicity of any of the tested vehicles. Tocopherol recovery measurements showed that ∼80% of the tocopherol was lost in ethanolic solutions, while only ∼30% and 10% were lost in BSA and mixed micelles, respectively. After 24 h incubation, Caco-2 cell monolayers treated with mixed micelles exhibited the highest agr-tocopherol intracellular concentrations (5-times those measured with the two other vehicles). Similar results were obtained with γ-tocopherol. Vehicles, except mixed micelles that activate the FXR/bile acids signalling pathway, did not affect expression of nuclear receptors involved in lipid metabolism or their target genes. This study establishes mixed micelles as the best vehicle to deliver tocopherols to intestinal cell monolayers in culture
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02663035
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 1:49:40 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 4:50:04 PM

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Jean-Francois Landrier, Christiane Malezet-Desmoulins, Emmanuelle Reboul, Anne-Marie Lorec, Marie Josèphe Amiot, et al.. Comparison of different vehicles to study the effect of tocopherols on gene expression in intestinal cells. Free Radical Research, Taylor & Francis, 2008, 42 (5), pp.523-530. ⟨10.1080/10715760802098859⟩. ⟨hal-02663035⟩

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