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Quantification of within-season focal spread of wheat take-all in relation to pathogen genotype and host spatial distribution

Abstract : Within season gradient of wheat take-all was measured in field experiments according to line or random sowing host spatial distribution, and two Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici (Ggt) isolates (G1i and G2i), representative of the G1 and G2 genotype groups in terms of aggressiveness. Root disease incidence and severity were assessed at six dates from early March to late June on plants located at regular distances from the inoculum sources. Simple models relating disease intensity at different levels of hierarchy fitted observed data well, and indicated a strong disease aggregation both within and among plants. Disease severity on source plants placed nearby the inoculum source increased over time, ranging from 5 to 46% at the first assessment, and from 55 to 98% at the last assessment, being in general larger for G2i than G1i. In line-sown plots, disease progressed steadily along the line but did not extend beyond 20 cm, seldom reaching the neighbour line. Disease rarely reached 25 cm in the direct-seeded crop stands. These results indicate that Ggt intensifies but does not spread to a large extent during a cropping season. Distance from the source, pathogen genotype and assessment date had a significant effect on disease severity according to mixed model analyses, disease spread being larger for G2i than G1i. However, no significant effect of host spatial distribution could be detected. Yield loss within 20 cm of the source plant ranged between 20 and 40%, and was not significantly affected by pathogen genotype or host spatial distribution.
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 2:00:18 AM
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Laetitia Willocquet, Lionel Lebreton, Alain Sarniguet, Philippe Lucas. Quantification of within-season focal spread of wheat take-all in relation to pathogen genotype and host spatial distribution. Plant Pathology, Wiley, 2008, 57 (5), pp.906-915. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.01834.x⟩. ⟨hal-02663122⟩

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