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HPLC assay of tomato carotenoids: validation of a rapid microextraction technique

Abstract : Carotenoids are studied for their role as pigments and as precursors of aromas, vitamin A, abscisic acid, and antioxidant compounds in different plant tissues. A novel, rapid, and inexpensive analytical protocol is proposed to enable the simultaneous analysis of four major tomato carotenoids: lutein, lycopene, β-carotene, and phytoene. Microextraction is performed in the presence of sodium chloride, n-hexane, dichloromethane, and ethyl acetate on fresh tomato powder that has been finely ground in liquid nitrogen. The carotenoids are extracted by agitation and centrifugation and then analyzed by HPLC using a diode array detector. The principal advantage of this extraction resides in the absence of an evaporation step, often necessary to assay tomato carotenoids other than lycopene. Whatever the carotenoid, tests for accuracy, reproducibility, and linearity were satisfactory and indicative of the method’s reliability. The stability of extracts over time (several days at −20 °C) as the satisfactory sensitivity of the assay whatever the fruit ripeness had a part in the robustness of the method. Reliable, rapid, simple, and inexpensive, this extraction technique is appropriate for the routine analysis of carotenoids in small samples
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Sylvie Serino, Laurent Gomez, Guy Costagliola, Hélène Gautier. HPLC assay of tomato carotenoids: validation of a rapid microextraction technique. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2009, 57 (19), pp.8753-8760. ⟨10.1021/jf902113n⟩. ⟨hal-02663707⟩



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