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Adiponectin expression is induced by vitamin E via a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma-dependent mechanism

Abstract : Adiponectin is a well-known adipokine secreted by adipocytes that presents insulin-sensitizing properties. The regulation of expression of this adipokine by micronutrients is largely unknown. We demonstrate here that adiponectin expression is induced in adipocytes after exposure to tocopherols via the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor {gamma} (PPAR{gamma}) pathway. Vitamin E force feeding resulted in an induction of adiponectin in mice at both mRNA and protein levels. Adiponectin mRNA and protein secretion were also increased by vitamin E ({alpha}- and {gamma}-tocopherol) in 3T3-L1 cells, together with PPAR{gamma} mRNA, independent of an antioxidant effect. In transient transfections, both {alpha}- and {gamma}-vitamers induced the luciferase gene reporter under the control of a human adiponectin promoter via a PPAR-responsive element. The induction of adiponectin by tocopherols seems to be PPAR{gamma} dependent, because it was blocked by the specific antagonist GW9662. Finally, we showed that intracellular concentrations of a PPAR{gamma} endogenous ligand, 15-deoxy-{Delta}12,14-prostaglandin J2, increased after treatment with tocopherols in 3T3-L1 cells. In summary, vitamin E up-regulates adiponectin expression via a mechanism that implicates PPAR{gamma} together with its endogenous ligand 15-deoxy-{Delta}12,14-prostaglandin J2. The induction of adiponectin via an original molecular mechanism could be considered as the basis for the beneficial effect of vitamin E on insulin sensitivity
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02664348
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : dimanche 31 mai 2020 - 04:41:22
Dernière modification le : vendredi 17 juillet 2020 - 15:46:26

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  • HAL Id : hal-02664348, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 32031

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Jean-Francois Landrier, Erwan Gouranton, Claire El Yazidi, Christiane Malezet, Patrick Balaguer, et al.. Adiponectin expression is induced by vitamin E via a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma-dependent mechanism. Endocrinology, Endocrine Society, 2009, 150 (12), pp.5318-5325. ⟨hal-02664348⟩

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