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Long-term fate of exogenous metals in a sandy Luvisol subjected to intensive irrigation with raw wastewater

Abstract : From 1899 to 2002, sandy Luvisol in the Paris region has been intensively irrigated with raw wastewater, resulting in major soil pollution by metallic trace elements (MTE). To identify the soil phases implicated in retaining these metals, sequential extractions were performed on a solum irrigated with untreated wastewater and another reference solum. The endogenous and exogenous fractions of MTE in the contaminated soil were discriminated using correlations between MTE and major elements defined from unpolluted soils of the area. In the contaminated soil no exogenous lead and chromium are present below the surface horizon, whereas exogenous zinc and copper are found down to the base of the solum. The endogenous MTE are mainly found in the residual fraction. Exogenous MTE appear to be associated with organic matter in the surface horizon, and exogenous zinc seems to be readsorbed on iron and manganese oxyhydroxides in the underlying horizons. After 100 years of intensive irrigation with wastewater, no exogenous Pb and Cr are found in the subsoil, while exogenous Zn and Cu are found down to the base of the solum, mostly readsorbed.
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Christelle Dère, Isabelle Lamy, Anne A. Jaulin, Sophie S. Cornu. Long-term fate of exogenous metals in a sandy Luvisol subjected to intensive irrigation with raw wastewater. Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2007, 145 (1), pp.31-40. ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2006.04.002⟩. ⟨hal-02665847⟩

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