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Ecological specialization correlates with genotypic differentiation in sympatric host-populations of the pea aphid

Abstract : The pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum, encompasses distinct host races specialized on various Fabaceae species, but the extent of genetic divergence associated with ecological specialization varies greatly depending on plant and geographic origins of aphid populations. Here, we studied the genetic structure of French sympatric pea aphid populations collected on perennial (pea and faba bean) and annual (alfalfa and red clover) hosts using 14 microsatellite loci. Classical and Bayesian population genetics analyses consistently identified genetic clusters mostly related to plant origin: the pea/faba bean cluster was highly divergent from the red clover and the alfalfa ones, indicating they represent different stages along the continuum of genetic differentiation. Some genotypes were assigned to a cluster differing from the one expected from their plant origin while others exhibited intermediate genetic characteristics. These results suggest incomplete barriers to gene flow. Howeve! r, this limited gene flow seems insufficient to prevent ecological specialization and genetic differentiation in sympatry
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Adrien Frantz, Manuel Plantegenest, Lucie Mieuzet, Jean-Christophe Simon. Ecological specialization correlates with genotypic differentiation in sympatric host-populations of the pea aphid. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, Wiley, 2006, 19 (2), pp.392-401. ⟨10.1111/j.1420-9101.2005.01025.x⟩. ⟨hal-02666084⟩

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