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Oxidative damage and redox change in pea seeds treated with cadmium

Abstract : Pea seeds (Pisum sativum L) were germinated by soaking in distilled water or 5 mM CdCl2 for 5 days. The relationships among Cd treatment, germination rate, embryonic axis growth, NAD(P)H levels and NAD(P)H oxidase activities in mitochondrial and peroxisomal fractions of cotyledons and embryonic axis were investigated. Heavy metal stress provoked a diminution in germination percent and embryonic axis growth, as compared to the control. A drastic disorder in reducing power was imposed after exposure to cadmium. Heavy metal caused a significant increase in the redox ratio of coenzymes. NADPH oxidase is considered to be oxidative stress-related enzymes. The NAD(P)H oxidase activities were strongly stimulated after Cd exposure. The changes in redox and oxidative properties are discussed in relation to the delay in seed germination and embryonic axis growth. (c) 2010 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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Moez Smiri, Abdelilah Chaoui, Nicolas Rouhier, Éric Gelhaye, Jean-Pierre Jacquot, et al.. Oxidative damage and redox change in pea seeds treated with cadmium. Comptes Rendus Biologies, Elsevier, 2010, 333 (11-12), pp.801 - 807. ⟨10.1016/j.crvi.2010.09.002⟩. ⟨hal-02667925⟩



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