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Fatty acid incorporation in endothelial cells and effects on endothelial nitric oxide synthase

Abstract : The nature of fatty acids provided by the diet as well as plasma lipid metabolism can modify the composition and properties of plasma membrane and thus the activity of membrane proteins. In humans, as well as in experimental models, diabetes is associated with both an alteration in serum lipid profile and a documented endothelial dysfunction. This in vitro study investigated on an immortalized human endothelial cell line (EA.hy 926) the specific effects of several free fatty acids (FFAs) on the composition of cellular membranes and the regulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). 0.1% of lipid deprived serum was added to the incubation medium with 25 mM glucose in order to study the effects of individual fatty acids: myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid or linoleic acid at 100 microM bound with albumin. The effects of the FFAs on the endothelial nitric oxide synthase were investigated on mRNA level by quantitative PCR, on protein level and Ser1177 phosphorylation by Western blot and on enzymatic activity on living cells using radiolabelled arginine. Free linoleic acid increased the membrane content in n-6 fatty acids (mainly C18: n-6 and its metabolites) with a decrease in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids. These conditions decreased the basal eNOS activity and reduced the phosphorylation of eNOS-Ser1177 due to activation by histamine. Free palmitic acid enriched the membranes with 16 : 0 with a slight decrease in monounsaturated fatty acids. These conditions increased eNOS activation without increasing Ser1177 phosphorylation upon histamine activation. The addition of the other FFAs also resulted in modifications of membrane composition, which did not to affect eNOS-Ser1177 phosphorylation. Among the fatty acids used, only modification of the membrane composition due to linoleic acid supply disturbed the basal enzymatic activity and Ser1177 phosphorylation of eNOS in a way that limited the role of histamine activation. Linoleic acid might involve the dysfunction of both eNOS basal activity and its phosphorylation status and may then contribute to an impaired vasodilatation in vivo.
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S. Couloubaly, C Deloménie, Delphine Rousseau, Jean-Louis Paul, Alain Grynberg, et al.. Fatty acid incorporation in endothelial cells and effects on endothelial nitric oxide synthase. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, Wiley, 2007, 37 (9), pp.692-699. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-2362.2007.01843.x⟩. ⟨hal-02668136⟩



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