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Detection, introgression and localization of genes conferring specific resitance to Leptosphaeria maculans from Brassica rapa into B. napus

Abstract : Blackleg (stem canker) caused by the fungus Leptosphaeria maculans is one of the most damaging diseases of oilseed rape (Brassica napus). Crop relatives represent a valuable source of "new" resistance genes that could be used to diversify cultivar resistance. B. rapa, one of the progenitors of B. napus, is a potential source of new resistance genes. However, most of the accessions are heterozygous so it is impossible to directly detect the plant genes conferring specific resistance due to the complex patterns of avirulence genes in L. maculans isolates. We developed a strategy to simultaneously characterize and introgress resistance genes from B. rapa, by homologous recombination, into B. napus. One B. rapa plant resistant to one L. maculans isolate was used to produce B. rapa backcross progeny and a resynthesized B. napus plant from which a population of doubled haploid lines was derived after crossing with natural B. napus. We then used molecular analyses and resistance tests on these populations to identify and map the resistance genes and to characterize their introgression from B. rapa into B. napus. Three specific genes conferring resistance to L. maculans (Rlm1, Rlm2 and Rlm7) were identified in B. rapa. Comparisons of genetic maps showed that two of these genes were located on the R7 linkage group, in a region homologous to the region on linkage group N7 in B. napus, where these genes have been reported previously. The results of our study offer new perspectives for gene introgression and cloning in Brassicas.
Keywords : COLZA
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 2:20:23 PM
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Martine Leflon, Hortense Brun, Frederique Eber, Régine Delourme, Marie-Odile Lucas, et al.. Detection, introgression and localization of genes conferring specific resitance to Leptosphaeria maculans from Brassica rapa into B. napus. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Springer Verlag, 2007, 115 (7), pp.897-906. ⟨10.1007/s00122-007-0616-z⟩. ⟨hal-02669094⟩

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