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Expression of sGnRH mRNA in gonads during rainbow trout gametogenesis.

Abstract : The salmon gonadotropin-releasing hormone (sGnRH) is the major form of GnRH decapeptide expressed in the salmonid brain and it acts as a gonadotropin releaser. In rainbow trout, sGnRH-1 and sGnRH-2 mRNA forms were found in brain and gonads. We analyzed the expression of both forms in trout gonads at different stages of gametogenesis. Northern blot demonstrated that sGnRH-2 mRNA was the major sGnRH form in testis and ovary. In testis but not in ovary, brain or pituitary, alternatively spliced sGnRH-2 transcripts which coded for prepro-sGnRH with a truncated GnRH-associated peptide due to a premature stop codon in retained intron 2 were detected. In testis, sGnRH mRNA was highly expressed before the onset of spermatogenesis, it disappeared at stage II and then increased progressively up to stage VI. In ovary, the expression of sGnRH was high in immature pre-vitellogenic fish and progressively decreased throughout vitellogenesis. At ovulation it reached its maximum and came down again after stripping. The decrease of sGnRH mRNA expression during the period of active spermatogonial proliferation in testis and increase during meiosis occurrence in testis and ovary suggest an anti-proliferative and meiosis-stimulating effect of sGnRH during rainbow trout gametogenesis.
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 31, 2020 - 4:04:53 PM
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Svetlana Uzbekova, Jean-Jacques Lareyre, Yann Guiguen, F. Ferriere, T. Bailhache, et al.. Expression of sGnRH mRNA in gonads during rainbow trout gametogenesis.. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Comparative Biochemistry, Elsevier, 2001, 129 (2-3), pp.457-465. ⟨10.1016/S1096-4959(01)00347-5⟩. ⟨hal-02672221⟩



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