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Molecular cloning and characterization of dystrophin and Dp71, two products of the Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy gene, in zebrafish.

Abstract : Dystrophin, the protein responsible for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), plays a critical role in the maintenance of the muscle membrane integrity. There are several forms of dystrophin derived from the DMD gene by alternative promoter usage. In addition to full-length dystrophin (Dp427), four shorter transcripts have been identified: Dp260, Dp140, Dp116 and Dp71. The functional role played by the different products of the DMD gene is not yet determined. To get insight into the function of dystrophin and related products, we have investigated the presence of dystrophin in zebrafish. This choice takes advantage of large-scale mutagenesis screens in zebrafish, which have led to the identification of several mutants with motility defects. The identification and characterization of the genes affected by these mutations is likely to provide relevant information for the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of muscle development and function. Two cDNA clones encoding the homologues of dystrophin and Dp71 in zebrafish were identified and characterized. Both transcripts exhibit a high degree of sequence homology with the dystrophin and Dp71 proteins described in higher vertebrates. In addition, three alternative spliced transcripts that occur at the C-terminal end of the zebrafish DMD gene have been identified. These transcripts exhibit different patterns of tissue expression. We have also determined the chromosomal localization of dystrophin on the radiation hybrid map of the zebrafish genome. Our results indicate that the dystrophin gene is localized to linkage group one. Altogether, these results give new insights on the physiological role played by dystrophin and related proteins, and provide new tools for the identification of mutated genes associated with muscle defects in zebrafish.
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Francisco Bolaños-Jiménez, Agnès Bordais, M Behra, Uwe Strähle, Dominique Mornet, et al.. Molecular cloning and characterization of dystrophin and Dp71, two products of the Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy gene, in zebrafish.. Gene, Elsevier, 2001, 274 (1-2), pp.217-226. ⟨hal-02672615⟩



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