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Resistance of potato genotypes to common and netted scab-causing species of Streptomyces

Résumé : Common and netted scabs are two disfiguring bacterial diseases of potato tubers, caused by various groups of Streptomyces species. Common scab, caused primarily by Streptomyces scabies and Streptomyces europaeiscabiei, is characterized by more or less deep pustules on the tuber surface, while symptoms of netted scab, caused mainly by Streptomyces reticuliscabiei, are superficial, corky alterations of the tuber periderm. Some isolates of S. europaeiscabiei are able to induce both common and netted scab symptoms, and therefore constitute a third pathogenicity group. Like most bacterial diseases, potato scabs would be best controlled by using resistant cultivars. Repeated experiments with soil artificially infested with isolates of three species representative of the three pathogenicity groups showed the level and stability of cultivar resistance, as well as the existence of a range of aggressiveness among different isolates. The distribution of scab severity indexes recorded o! n a collection of 16 potato cultivars and 27 breeding clones grown in soil infested with common scab-inducing isolates was continuous, suggesting isolate nonspecific quantitative resistance. Least susceptible cultivars were Nicola, BF15, Sirtema, and Charlotte, while Urgenta, Desiree, Ondine and Bintje were very susceptible. The same genotypes proved either highly susceptible (e.g. cvs Bintje, Desiree or Carmine) or highly resistant (e.g. cvs Charlotte, Sirtema, Monalisa, BF15 or Belle de Fontenay) to isolates forming netted scab symptoms, suggesting isolate-specific qualitative resistance. The ability was confirmed of some isolates of S. europaeiscabiei to induce one or the other type of symptoms depending on cultivar and soil temperature
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Claudine Pasco, B. Jouan, Didier Andrivon. Resistance of potato genotypes to common and netted scab-causing species of Streptomyces. Plant Pathology, Wiley, 2005, 54 (3), pp.383-392. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-3059.2005.01178.x⟩. ⟨hal-02676048⟩



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