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L'occupation du territoire européen par les exploitations laitières et l'intensification de leurs systèmes techniques

Abstract : This paper shows how the dairy farms contribute to the occupation of the farm areas in 27 regions of production of the European Union. On the basis of a treatment of individual data from 'RICA' (Réseau d'Information Comptable Agricole = network of information sources on agricultural accountancy), the main structural and economic features of the European dairy farms are presented ; the farms are distributed among five forage systems (according to the share of forage maize in the main fodder area) and among five stocking-rate classes (per hectare of forage area). At the level of the community, the two distributions are then crossed. It is found that the 632 000 dairy farms utilize 27% of the useable farm area, 42% of the area under forage crops and grass, and 77% of the forage maize area. Although nearly half the dairy farms are without forage maize, this crop accounts for over 30% of the forage area in one of five of the farms. Similarly, nearly 16% of the dairy farms have stocking-rates above 3, but 30% of them have stocking-rates below 1.5.
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Vincent Chatellier, Valérie Jacquerie. L'occupation du territoire européen par les exploitations laitières et l'intensification de leurs systèmes techniques. Fourrages, Association Française pour la Production Fourragère, 2005, 181, pp.29-45. ⟨hal-02678715⟩

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