Expression of subunits of the 19S complex and of the PA28 activator in rat skeletal muscle - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Biology Reports Year : 1997

Expression of subunits of the 19S complex and of the PA28 activator in rat skeletal muscle

Abstract

A precise knowledge of the role of subunits of the 19S complex and the PA28 regulator, which associate with the 20S proteasome and regulate its peptidase activities, may contribute to design new therapeutic approaches for preventing muscle wasting in human diseases. The proteasome is mainly responsible for the muscle wasting of tumor-bearing and unweighted rats. The expression of some ATPase (MSS1, P45) and non ATPase (P112-L, P31) subunits of the 19S complex, and of the two subunits of the PA28 regulator, was studied in such atrophying muscles. The mRNA levels for all studied subunits increased in unweighted rats, and analysis of MSS1 mRNA distribution profile in polyribosomes showed that this subunit entered active translation. By contrast, only the mRNA levels for MSS1 increased in the muscles from cancer rats. Thus, gene expression of the proteasome regulatory subunits depends on a given catabolic state. Torbafylline, a xanthine derivative which inhibits tumor necrosis factor production, prevented the activation of protein breakdown and the increased expression of 20S proteasome subunits in cancer rats, without reducing the elevated MSS1 mRNA levels. Thus, the increased expression of MSS1 is regulated independently of 20S proteasome subunits, and did not result in accelerated proteolysis.

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Dates and versions

hal-02693917 , version 1 (01-06-2020)

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Didier Attaix, Daniel Taillandier, Lydie Combaret, Cécile Ralliere, Daniel Larbaud, et al.. Expression of subunits of the 19S complex and of the PA28 activator in rat skeletal muscle. Molecular Biology Reports, 1997, 24, pp.95-98. ⟨10.1023/A:1006806103675⟩. ⟨hal-02693917⟩

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