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Selection for height growth and Pilodyn pin penetration in lodgepole pine : effects on growth traits, wood properties, and their relationships

Abstract : The effects of selection using indices of height growth and wood density based on Pilodyn pin penetration (PIN) and the relationships among growth traits and wood properties were investigated in lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. var. latifolia Engelm.). Four subpopulations were constructed by selecting 10 open-pollinated families in each of four categories: (i) fast height growth and high wood density, (ii) slow height growth and high density, (iii) fast height growth and low density, and (iv) slow height growth and low density. Eleven-year growth, PIN, and wood-density traits generated from X-ray densitometry were analyzed. We found that selection of subpopulations using indices of height and PIN resulted in significant differences among subpopulations in most growth and wood-density parameters. However, PIN underestimated the wood density of families with large diameter. Disk density was found to be moderately negatively correlated with diameter growth, weakly negatively correlated with stem volume, but not significantly correlated with height. Selection for latewood proportion to improve wood density in lodgepole pine is likely to result in a reduction in growth and biomass production; however, selection for total latewood volume or simply height has the potential to increase both growth and wood density.
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Tongli Wang, Sally N. Aitken, Philippe Rozenberg, Michael R. Carlson. Selection for height growth and Pilodyn pin penetration in lodgepole pine : effects on growth traits, wood properties, and their relationships. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, NRC Research Press, 1999, 29 (4), pp.434-445. ⟨10.1139/cjfr-29-4-434⟩. ⟨hal-02698209⟩

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