Exploiting rhizosphere microbial cooperation for developing sustainable agriculture strategies - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2018

Exploiting rhizosphere microbial cooperation for developing sustainable agriculture strategies

Abstract

The rhizosphere hosts a considerable microbial community. Among that community, bacteria called plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) can promote plant growth and defense against diseases using diverse distinct plant-beneficial functions. Crop inoculation with PGPR could allow to reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers in agrosystems. However, microbial crop protection and growth stimulation would be more efficient if cooperation between rhizosphere bacterial populations was taken into account when developing biocontrol agents and biostimulants. Rhizospheric bacteria live in multi-species biofilms formed all along the root surface or sometimes inside the plants (i.e., endophyte). PGPR cooperate with their host plants and also with other microbial populations inside biofilms. These interactions are mediated by a large diversity of microbial metabolites and physical signals that trigger cell–cell communication and appropriate responses. A better understanding of bacterial behavior and microbial cooperation in the rhizosphere could allow for a more successful use of bacteria in sustainable agriculture. This review presents an ecological view of microbial cooperation in agrosystems and lays the emphasis on the main microbial metabolites involved in microbial cooperation, plant health protection, and plant growth stimulation. Eco-friendly inoculant consortia that will foster microbe–microbe and microbe–plant cooperation can be developed to promote crop growth and restore biodiversity and functions lost in agrosystems.
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hal-02738316 , version 1 (02-06-2020)

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Yoann Besset-Manzoni, Laura Rieusset, Pierre Joly, Gilles Comte, Claire Prigent-Combaret. Exploiting rhizosphere microbial cooperation for developing sustainable agriculture strategies. 3. Biennial International Congress on Natural Products and Biocontrol, 2018, Perpignan, France. ⟨10.1007/s11356-017-1152-2⟩. ⟨hal-02738316⟩
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