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Communication dans un congrès

Transmission risk of human trichinellosis

Abstract : Trichinella is a food-borne parasitic zoonoses and human cases are still reported in Europe mainly due to the consumption of pig meat originating from small backyard farms. Infections originating from industrialized pig farming have not been reported for decades in Europe, due to control measures to prevent the transmission of Trichinella from wildlife by indoor housing and good management practices. Therefore, risk-based monitoring programs might replace individual carcass control in industrialized pig farming as described in EU legislation SANCO 2075/2005. Transmission of Trichinella species between wildlife and the risk that may pose to humans via consumption of contaminated pork meat has not been studied quantitatively. One pathway by which human trichinellosis can occur is the rat-pig-human route. To evaluate the transmission risk though this pathway the dose responses of rat, pig, and human were studied. Experimental T spiralis infection was performed in rats with doses of as few as 10 parasites and the data set was analysed using a newly developed dose response model that describes larvae per gram (LPG). Experimental T. spiralis infection in pig was analysed in a similar way. Furthermore nine published outbreaks of human trichinellosis were analysed to determine the dose response in humans. The risk of human trichinellosis via the rat-pig-human transmission was simulated by the Monte Carlo method. A pair of female and male parasites representing the lowest infection pressure from the environment, led to the probability of human trichinellosis by consumption of 100 g of raw pork meat equal to 5% via the studied rat-pig-human pathway. In the absence of rodent control near the farm, a low infection pressure from wildlife presents a relatively high risk of human trichinellosis via consumption of uncooked pork meat.
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Communication dans un congrès
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02758327
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : jeudi 4 juin 2020 - 03:29:03
Dernière modification le : mardi 18 août 2020 - 17:00:19

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Katsuhisa Takumi, Peter Teunis, Manoj Fonville, Isabelle Vallee, Pascal Boireau, et al.. Transmission risk of human trichinellosis. 12. International Conference on Trichinellosis, Sep 2007, Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia. ⟨10.1016/j.vetpar.2008.10.044⟩. ⟨hal-02758327⟩

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