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Communication dans un congrès

Oryza sativa/Magnaporthe grisea : a model system for non-host interaction in cereals

Abstract : Resistance shown by a plant species to the majority of potentially pathogenic microbes is known as non-host resistance. The events leading to non-host resistance in plants represents one of the least understood phenomena and a remaining challenge in the field of plant-microbe interactions. Non-host resistance also represents one of the most promising defence mechanisms in developing durable resistance against plant pathogens, namely due to its effectiveness against a broad range of pathogen species and its durability in nature compared to race-specific R gene-dependent resistance. Rice-Magnaporthe grisea is a model pathosystem for race-specific cereal disease resistance study. At the species level, Magnaporthe grisea attack more than 50 monocots. However, at the strain level, this fungus exhibits a narrow host spectrum. We developed a biological model using rice cultivars and several non-host M grisea strains (pathogenic on barley and wheat) to elucidate mechanisms implicated in non-host interaction. Cytolo ical analysis helped us to pinpoint where the fungus is blocked in rice-M. grisea non-host interactions. We analysed defence gene expression using real-time quantitative PCR in the different non-host interactions. A reverse genetic strategy is underway to target rice T-DNA insertion mutants (Génoplante, France) that could be potentially affected in non-host resistance. It is expected that this model will shade some light into the genetic basis of non-host resistance defining the signalling and effectors components involved in these phenomena in rice and applicable to other cereal species.
Keywords : RIZ
Type de document :
Communication dans un congrès
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02763191
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : jeudi 4 juin 2020 - 06:57:58
Dernière modification le : jeudi 27 août 2020 - 10:02:03

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  • HAL Id : hal-02763191, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 17615

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Odile Faivre-Rampant, A.C. Bily, S Berri, Didier Tharreau, P Schweizer, et al.. Oryza sativa/Magnaporthe grisea : a model system for non-host interaction in cereals. 6. congrés de la S.F.P, Feb 2005, Toulouse, France. ⟨hal-02763191⟩

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