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Poster communications

Modeling the comparative advantages of two lignocellulosic crops for biofuel production

Abstract : Crop yields and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions during feedstock production are important items in the life-cycleimpacts and energy efficiency of second-generation biofuels, which results in uncertainties and scientific debatesregarding their climate mitigation potential. Several studies have been conducted to find the most promising cropsfrom this point of view, among which perennial grasses such as miscanthus and switchgrass feature prominently.Since greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions strongly depend on crop management and pedoclimatic conditions,it is important to compare feedstocks under similar conditions to quantify their respective performances andguide crop selection. Beyond field trials representing particular sets of such conditions, agro-ecosystem modelsoffer a prime route to generalize trends over large area relevant to supply a full-scale biofuel production plant.Only few such models are currently available, and they have been little tested or used from this perspective thus far.Here we set out to test whether one of these models was specific enough to capture differences between miscanthusand switchgrass in France, and to simulate their performance at regional level. The biophysical model CERESEGC was compared to field observations obtained in long-term trials in Estrées-Mons (Northern France), tworegions that carried experiments and have quantified yields for both crops. The trials involved different treatmentsfor both crops, in terms of fertilizer input rates and harvesting date. Regional simulations were subsequently runin Southern France using a soil map and near-term future climate data from a meso-scale climate simulation model.In Estrées-Mons the deviation between simulated and observed biomass yields for miscanthus varies be-tween 1 t dry matter (DM) ha-1 (for the early harvest without fertilization) and 4 t DM ha-1 (late harvest withfertilization). However for switchgrass the simulated yields are overestimated by less than 1 t ha-1 compared tothe experiments. The yield of miscanthus remains higher than switchgrass for all treatments. The model tended toover-estimate N2O emissions in spring and autumn, resulting in a 20% over-estimation on an annual basis.According to the regional averages calculated for the two crops in the French regions under Mediterraneanclimates (Provence Alpes Côte d’Azur and Occitanie), the yield differences between the two crops ranges from1.5 to 6 t DM ha-1, with miscanthus outperforming switchgrass overall. Applying a fertlizer input rate of 60 kg Nha-1 increased miscanthus yields by up to 5 t ha-1 and only 3 t ha-1 for switchgrass.considering the regional scale we note that switchgrass emits up to 60% more N2O when fertilised compared tomiscanthus. knowing that miscantus produces more than switchgrass we conclude that probably miscanthus ismore intersting for producing biofuels.The ranking and differences between crops reflected those observed in 3 local trials in these regions. Howeverin both cases some irrigation appeared necessary in years with long drought episodes – evidencing the relevantof using models to select the most appropriate crops and management in the medium-term, accounting for futureclimate changes.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 4, 2020 - 11:17:45 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 4:21:19 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02785845, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 480708

Citation

Monia El Akkari, Fabien Ferchaud, Loic Strullu, Aurélie Perrin, Jean-Louis Drouet, et al.. Modeling the comparative advantages of two lignocellulosic crops for biofuel production. General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union (EGU), Apr 2019, Vienne, Austria. 2019. ⟨hal-02785845⟩

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