How much do water deficits alter the nitrogen nutrition status of forage crops? - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2010

How much do water deficits alter the nitrogen nutrition status of forage crops?

Abstract

Water deficits alter the nitrogen nutrition of crops. In grasslands, this has a major impact on both forage yield and nitrogen fluxes in the soil. It is important to assess the N balance in order to adjust fertilization to the expected needs of the crop and thus minimize any environmentally negative impacts of crops. Grassland species, including grasses, display a diverse ability to utilise soil resources. Nitrogen fluxes and the nitrogen absorption by grass swards of two species with contrasting rooting depths were computed using the appropriate module from the STICS simulation platform. In the case of the deep-rooted species, tall fescue, soil mineral N fluxes to the roots were very close to N uptake values, consistent with its nitrogen nutrition index being lower than one. In the case of the shallow-rooted species Italian ryegrass, there was a large excess in terms of N supply, which was also consistent with its non-limiting nitrogen nutrition index. In both species, and even when nitrogen demands for growth were fully satisfied, the nitrogen nutrition index was closely and linearly related to the soil mineral N flux to roots.
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Dates and versions

hal-02819671 , version 1 (06-06-2020)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02819671 , version 1
  • PRODINRA : 158117

Cite

Jean Louis Durand, Victoria Gonzalez-Dugo, Francois Gastal. How much do water deficits alter the nitrogen nutrition status of forage crops?. Soil and nutrient cycling in grassland ecosystems: implication for sustainable management, Jun 2009, Poitiers, France. ⟨hal-02819671⟩
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