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Forest tree responses to extreme drought and some biotic events: Towards a selection according to hazard tolerance?

Abstract : The aim of this paper is to illustrate how some extreme events could affect forest ecosystems. Forest tree response can be analysed using dendroecological methods, as tree-ring widths are strongly controlled by climatic or biotic events. Years with such events induce similar tree responses and are called pointer years. They can result from extreme climatic events like frost, a heat wave, spring water logging, drought or insect damage... Forest tree species showed contrasting responses to climatic hazards, depending on their sensitivity to water shortage or temperature hardening, as illustrated from our dendrochronological database. For foresters, a drought or a pest disease is an extreme event if visible and durable symptoms are induced (leaf discolouration, leaf loss, perennial organs mortality, tree dieback and mortality). These symptoms here are shown, lagging one or several years behind a climatic or biotic event, from forest decline cases in progress since the 2003 drought or attributed to previous severe droughts or defoliations in France. Tree growth or vitality recovery is illustrated, and the functional interpretation of the long lasting memory of trees is discussed. A coupled approach linking dendrochronology and ecophysiology helps in discussing vulnerability of forest stands, and suggests management advices in order to mitigate extreme drought and cope with selective mortality.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02821669
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Submitted on : Saturday, June 6, 2020 - 7:33:38 PM
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Nathalie Bréda, Vincent Badeau. Forest tree responses to extreme drought and some biotic events: Towards a selection according to hazard tolerance?. Écosystèmes et évènements climatiques extrêmes, Jul 2007, Paris, France. ⟨10.1016/j.crte.2008.08.003⟩. ⟨hal-02821669⟩

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