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Toxicity of Four Essential Oils Against Two Insect Pests of Stored Grains, Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrychidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Abstract : The biological activity of essential oils extracted from four plants of the Lamiaceae family (Lavandula angustifolia Lawrence, 1989 (= L. officinalis Linnaeus), Mentha piperita Linnaeus, 1753, Ocimum basilicum Linnaeus, 1753 and Origanum compactum Bentham) was evaluated on adults of Rhyzopertha dominica Fabricius 1792 (Coleoptera: Bostrychidae) and Sitophilus oryzae Linnaeus, 1763 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) using fumigation and repellency tests carried out at four doses and different exposure times, under laboratory conditions. The results obtained show that the four essential oils are often more toxic to R. dominica than to S. oryzae. LC50varied between 15.14 and 18.49 μl/l of air forR. dominica, and between 33.51 and 50.27 μl/l of air for S. oryzae. The LT50 values ranged from 8 to 27 h for R. dominica and between 161 and 601 h for S. oryzae at a concentration of 20 μl/l of air. The oil ofO. basilicum caused, after 96 h of fumigation at a concentration of 20 μl/l air/20 g of durum wheat, Triticum durum, 100 % mortality rates for R. dominica and 41 ± 13.87 % for S. oryzae. Oils of O. compactum and O. basilicum were the most active against R. dominica and S. oryzae, with repellency rates of 82 % and 60.5 %, respectively. Key words: toxicity, essential oils, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae, Triticum durum, fumigation, repellency.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02877870
Déposant : Nelly Lucas <>
Soumis le : lundi 22 juin 2020 - 17:28:44
Dernière modification le : mercredi 1 juillet 2020 - 03:09:24

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S. Bounoua-Fraoucene, A. Kellouche, Jean François Debras. Toxicity of Four Essential Oils Against Two Insect Pests of Stored Grains, Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrychidae) and Sitophilus oryzae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). African Entomology, Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 2019, 27 (2), pp.344. ⟨10.4001/003.027.0344⟩. ⟨hal-02877870⟩

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